Total in Myanmar
The Yadana pipeline project was a major challenge that could only be met on schedule by deploying exceptional resources and capabilities. Construction took 18 months under conditions dictated by climate constraints in rugged terrain in a region without infrastructure. It involved assembling and burying 5,134 sections of steel pipe, each 12 meters long, 90 centimeters (36 inches) in diameter and weighing five metric tons, under two meters of soil.
The terrain posed significant problems. The route starts off at sea level, crosses the Heinze Chaung and Dawei Rivers and two ranges of hills at an altitude of 200 meters. Along the final eight-kilometer mountainous stretch, it rises in altitude from 150 meters to 850 meters.
Subcontractor Spie Capag of France is a world leader in pipelaying and had just completed a similar project in Colombia. The more straight forward civil engineering and construction operations were awarded to France's Bec Frères and local public works companies, notably United Engineering and Myint & Associates.
Over 700 heavy machines, including bulldozers, mobile cranes, off-roadvehicles, compressors, pumps and other transportation, construction and engineering equipment, were shipped by sea to the site.
The pipeline project employed an average of 2,500 people during each of the three construction phases. This figure included more than 2,200 Myanmar nationals, 700 of whom were recruited from local villages. Training was a priority, to ensure that local laborers had the required technical skills and to foster a culture of safety.